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Arrest rates in San Diego County hit seven-year low



Arrest charges in San Diego County reached a seven-year low in 2021, however there have been extra arrests for violent crimes and weapons offenses when in comparison with the earlier yr, in line with a brand new report.

The findings come from an evaluation by the San Diego Affiliation of Governments, or SANDAG, which tracks arrest information on an annual foundation.

The report, printed Wednesday, discovered that arrest charges declined yearly since 2015, when the speed was 42.2 per 1,000 residents amongst adults and 18.3 per 1,000 residents amongst juveniles. The speed in 2021 was 22.7 per 1,000 residents amongst adults and 5.8 per 1,000 residents amongst juveniles.

It additionally discovered the general arrest fee in 2021 dropped 5 p.c amongst adults and eight p.c amongst juveniles when in comparison with 2020. On common, 155 adults and 6 juveniles had been arrested per day in 2021.

Nonetheless, arrests for weapons offenses, felony crimes and violent crimes had been all up when in comparison with 2020. Arrests associated to weapons offenses noticed a double-digit bounce, growing 17 p.c amongst adults and 98 p.c amongst juveniles.

Cynthia Burke, SANDAG’s senior director of knowledge science, mentioned the rise is probably going associated to the proliferation of untraceable firearms, or ghost weapons, throughout the area.

“This information is a crucial measure for the neighborhood to know legislation enforcement’s response to crime,” Burke mentioned in an announcement.

Jared Wilson, president of the San Diego Police Officers Affiliation, mentioned Friday that the newest figures are one other reflection of the Police Division’s staffing woes. Within the metropolis of San Diego, arrest charges decreased 8 p.c in 2021 over the earlier yr.

In fiscal yr 2022, which began July 2021, San Diego police misplaced greater than 240 officers — “an unprecedented quantity within the final decade,” Wilson mentioned.

“Victims, residents, and guests deserve justice. Criminals have to be held accountable for his or her actions. This information exhibits all too usually they don’t seem to be,” Wilson mentioned.

Based on the report, though arrests in San Diego had been down, felony arrests, which usually contain extra severe crimes, had been up 15 p.c in 2021 when in comparison with 2020. Knowledge present main crimes elevated 13 p.c in 2021.

Throughout the county there have been extra arrests for felonies and fewer for misdemeanors in 2021, the evaluation discovered. The most recent information comes after each arrest sorts dropped in 2020, a probable results of COVID-19 stay-at-home orders, researchers mentioned.

Amongst felony crimes, the countywide arrest fee elevated 14 p.c — from 7.7 per 1,000 residents in 2020 to eight.8 per 1,000 residents in 2021. Since Proposition 47 handed in 2014, lowering some property and drug offenses to misdemeanors, the arrest fee had hovered round 9 per 1,000 residents, in line with the report.

Arrests for violent crimes and weapons offenses — usually felony crimes — additionally elevated throughout the county, in line with the report. Violent crime arrests elevated 3 p.c amongst adults and 4 p.c amongst juveniles. The pattern falls in step with a rise in violent crimes. A SANDAG report final yr discovered that violent crime elevated 8 p.c throughout the area in 2021.

The proportion of arrests for violent crimes in 2021 was 21 p.c amongst adults and 29 p.c amongst juveniles. Weapons offenses accounted for 3 p.c of arrests amongst adults and 10 p.c amongst juveniles.

As for misdemeanors, the arrest fee decreased 16 p.c when in comparison with the earlier yr and in addition hit a seven-year low — at 11.7 per 1,000 residents in 2021.

Researchers and officers mentioned it was tough to pinpoint a single purpose for the decline in misdemeanor arrests. Burke mentioned the drop may replicate fewer misdemeanor crimes or stories of misdemeanor crimes, or a change in legislation enforcement methods, akin to fewer arrests or citations for crimes that had been a spotlight previously, Burke mentioned.

Racial disparities persevered in 2021, the examine exhibits. Black and Latino arrestees had been over-represented in all arrest classes, in comparison with their proportion of the inhabitants, whereas White people and those that represented different races had been underrepresented. In 2021, Black people accounted for five p.c of the inhabitants within the area and 17 p.c of all arrests; Hispanics represented 32 p.c of residents and 35 p.c of all arrestees. White people made up 49 p.c of the inhabitants and 41 p.c of all arrests, in line with the report.

A number of research of legislation enforcement site visitors and pedestrian stops have recognized related racial disparities. A report launched in 2021 discovered that San Diego cops cease, search and use drive towards folks of shade — particularly Black folks — at greater charges than their White counterparts.

Though the examine doesn’t attribute disparities to officer bias, researchers mentioned sure findings, like the speed of Black pedestrians who’re stopped and the quantity of drive used towards Black folks, had been seemingly considerably formed by division practices or officers’ conduct.

A examine of stops made by sheriff’s deputies resulted in related findings.

Different notable report findings within the SANDAG report embrace:

  • Male arrestees accounted for 78 p.c of arrests total, and adults ages 30 to 39 accounted for 30 p.c of all arrests;
  • Grownup and juvenile arrests for property and drug crimes decreased; and
  • Arrests amongst adults for driving below the affect elevated at each the felony and misdemeanor degree, up 34 p.c and 12 p.c, respectively.

Workers author Lyndsay Winkley contributed to this report.

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